8 Common types of DEPRESSIONS and what you need to know about each!

Under the big tent of depression there are many shades of gray. Depression can be mild or severe. It can be short lived or chronic. Special circumstances, like the birth of a baby or the changing of the seasons, can trigger depressive symptoms.

Understanding the type of depression a person is experiencing helps doctors determine treatment. And for people who are diagnosed with depression, having information about their specific disorder can be helpful. Here’s what you should know about the different types of depression. If you suspect you or a loved one has one of these, get evaluated by a mental health professional. They can help you figure out a diagnosis- and the best course of treatment.

This very common type of depression is also known as major depression or clinical depression. Under diagnostic criteria, people must have at least five symptoms persisting for two weeks or longer to be diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Those symptoms can include feelings of sadness, emptiness, worthlessness, hopelessness, and guilt; loss of enerfy, appetite, or interest in enjoyable activities; changes in sleeo habits; and thoughts of death and suicide. Most cases are highly treatable.

A person who has depressive symptoms but doesn’t quite check all the boxes for a diagnosis of major depression may be deemed “subsyndromal@. Maybe she has three or four symptoms, not five or maybe she’s been depressed for a week, not two.

Wide swings in mood and energy, from elation to hopelessness, are the signature of bipolar depression, also called bipolar disorder or manic- depressive illness. To be diagnosed with this form of depression, a person must have experienxed at least one bout of mania.

Screaming and temper tantrums can be features of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) , a type of depression diagnosed in children who struggles with regulating their emotions. Other symptoms include an irritable or angry mood most if the day nearly every day and trouble getting along in school, at home, or with their peers.

The birth of a baby brings enormous joy but can sometimes lead to postpartum depression (PPD) , a type that affects one in four women and one in eight men. In women. postpartum depression is likely triggered by shifts in hormones, fatigue and other factors. In men, it’s environmental, brough on by shifting roles and lifestyle changes that come with parenting.

People with psychotic depression have severe depression accompanied by psychosis, which is defined as losing touch with reality, Symptoms of psychosis typically include hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren’t really there) and delusions (false beliefs anout what’s happening).

Sometimes people with major depressive disorder don’t readily respond to treatment. Even after trying one antidepressant and then another their depression stubbornly hangs on.

Seasonal affective disorder {SAD} is a recurring type of depression that usuallt strikes in the fall or winter. Along with a change in mood, SAD sufferers tend to have low energy. They may overear, oversleep, crave carbs, gain weight or withdraw from social interaction.

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